Friday, February 8, 2019
Democracy Essay example -- essays research papers
Democracy may be a word well-known(prenominal) to most, but stable I would like to mention the fact that demos instrument pertaining to people and kratios subject matter to rule. Thus this word original coined by the Greeks means rule of people as a whole and not by an individual or a privileged soul. It is a concept still mis down the stairsstood and misused in some parts of the world where totalistic regimes and dictatorships have witnessed popular support by usurping democratic labels like in Iraq and Pakistan. By the dictionary definition, democracy is government by the people in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised reckonly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral dodge. In a famous phrase of Abraham Lincoln, democracy is a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.Freedom and democracy are often used in place of each other, but the two are not the same. True, democracy is a coif of ideas and principles about fr eedom, but it also consists of a set of practices and procedures that have been founded through a long history. In short, democracy is the institutionalization of freedom. For this reason, any society moldiness possess time-tested thoroughs of constitutional government, human rights, and equality forwards the law to be properly called democratic. Democracies freighter be typified into two fundamental categories, direct and representative. In a direct democracy, all individuals, without the elected or appointed officials, can participate in making public decisions. This system however seems to be impractical possible only with relatively gloomy numbers of people, say for example in a community organization, resolution of a developing country, tribal council, or the local unit of a labor union, where members can meet in a single populate to discuss issues and arrive at decisions by consensus or majority vote. In rural India the head of such committees are called pancha and the place where issues for a sharp population of the concerned area are discussed is called panchayat.These meetings are held mostly under a village tree with the maximum number of people who can physically gather in one place and practice direct democracy.Modern society, with its enormous size, complexities and ramifications offers few avenues for direct democracy. Today, the most common form of democracy, whether for a town of 50,000 or nations of 50 million, is represe... ...titutional provisions to intervene in the disposal of the States. The response of the Central Union Government to the growing economic and political crisis in India has been in terms of greater centralization strategies and interventions.Another equally beta limitation of the Indian parliamentary democracy has been that below the sound out aim it was not mandatory to have elected bodies at zone, sub district or local train till 1994. In other words it was a system of parliamentary democracy at the centra l and state levels and bureaucratic governance at the lower levels. Grass root level democracy visualized in terms of selfreliant and selfgoverning villages was an important nationalist ideal. When the spic-and-span constitution was framed, elected local bodies at the local levels were not do part of the mandatory structure of government, but enshrined in the Directive Principles of the constitution. By and large the Indian democracy is still in a material body of evolution and change. It seems that the concept of democracy is interpreted in a intrinsic manner and changes in nations from time to time according to the whims and fancies of the contemporary complete and powerful people.